In August, the Center of Excellence for the Reduction of Illicit Drugs Supply (CdE) signed a partnership with the Integrated System for Monitoring Illicit Crops (SIMCI), a project of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in Colombia .
SIMCI is a technological project that, in addition to monitoring the cultivation of illicit drugs for two decades, has promoted studies in related areas, having developed a methodology to estimate the price of illicit drugs in different regions of Colombia.
The objective of the partnership is the transfer of technology and technical assistance in the elaboration and implementation of a methodology to monitor the prices of cocaine and marijuana in Brazil. From this, it will also be possible to identify possible impacts that variations in the illicit market cause on the Brazilian criminal dynamics.
For the National Secretary of Policies on Drugs and Asset Management of the Ministry of Justice and Public Security (SENAD/MJSP), Luiz Roberto Beggiora, the partnership is yet another gain for public security in the country. “Pricing monitoring reflects the behavior of criminal organizations responsible for national and international drug trafficking. This new information, produced within the scope of the CoE, will certainly contribute with SENAD and other Brazilian government agencies to provide evidence and indicators for the improvement of public policies on drugs in Brazil”.
According to the coordinator of the UNODC's Rule of Law unit in Brazil, Nivio Nascimento, SIMCI has extensive experience in preparing studies and monitoring illicit markets and drug trafficking. "The CdE plays an important role in bringing and adapting international experiences to fight drug trafficking and transnational organized crime, responding to the growing demand for reliable data and information for decision-making in this area."
The CoE pilot project, the result of a partnership between SENAD/MJSP, UNODC and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), arises to develop research and publications that help build strategic knowledge on reducing the supply of illegal drugs in Brazil.
Since 1999, through the use of satellites and field verification, the project has calculated the extent of illicit coca cultivation areas and the potential for production of cocaine hydrochloride in the country, building historical series that subsidize annual reports on the subject.
In addition, SIMCI promotes thematic studies on the cultivation of marijuana and poppies, on the chemical substances used in the production of drugs, and on the illicit extraction of minerals. The project's research model, with a geographic focus, is based on the construction of primary information, fieldwork and the design of indicators to obtain data.
SIMCI's work contributes to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 5, 15 and 16, as the information generated gives visibility to the role of women in the territories studied, highlights the advance of the agricultural frontier, damage to ecosystems and the dispersion of phenomena such as the cultivation of illegal activities and gold mining, in addition to contributing to institutional strengthening for the prevention of crimes associated with drug production.