This Tuesday morning (13), during an event parallel to the 64th session of the Commission on Narcotics and Drugs (CND) of the United Nations, in Vienna, Austria, Brazil presented to the international scene the innovations it has been carrying out in the area of drugs.
The online debate showed how the assets seized from trafficking have been used to finance the execution of public policies to reduce the supply and demand for drugs. Among these initiatives, the pilot project of the Centre of Excellence for Illicit Drug Supply Reduction (CoE Brazil), a partnership between the National Secretariat for Drug Policy of the Ministry of Justice and Public Security (SENAD/MJSP), the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
Attended by about 150 people, the panel was led by SENAD/MJSP's Director of Public Policies and Institutional Articulation, Gustavo Camilo Baptista.
Decapitalization of organizations
The General Coordinator of the Drug Enforcement Police and Criminal Factions of the Federal Police, Delegate Elvis Secco, opened the presentation illustrating how the PF has been working to decapitalize criminal organizations in Brazil. In 2020, according to Secco, the Federal Police reached a record of R$ 1.279,9 billion in property kidnapping for crime.
To attack the top of the pyramid of criminal organizations, the PF has been operating with strategies based on changing paradigms that seek to seize assets, imprison leaders, coordinate actions and the consequent disarticulation of organized crime.
For this, the PF has also made use of international cooperation: “Our objective with international cooperation is the highest level in the exchange of information. We need to identify financial flows and not just a controlled delivery. If you want to fight organized crime, decapitalize it,” Secco said.
Then, the National Secretary for Drug Policy (SENAD/MJSP), Luiz Roberto Beggiora, spoke about the management of assets seized by police forces and the financing of policies to strengthen public security agencies and reduce the supply of drugs.
Beggiora mentioned new legislative mechanisms such as the 2019 early sale, which allows for the sale of the asset within 30 days of the seizure. "In terms of asset management, we went from an average of eight auctions per year until 2018, we reached 125 auctions in 2020 and 51 auctions only in the first quarter of this year," he said.
According to the Secretary, the sale of these assets resulted in a collection of R$ 140 million in 2020, resources that have been allocated to initiatives such as training courses for security agents and the CoE pilot project.
The coordinator of the CoE, Gabriel Andreuccetti, spoke about the work being carried out by the Center of Excellence, an unprecedented and innovative partnership between SENAD, UNODC and UNDP for the integration of data and strategies to reduce the supply of drugs.
Andreuccetti presented the objectives of the CdE to equip the Brazilian State with scientific evidence in the area, such as creating a database, generating new research, providing technical support to institutions, building professional training, analyzing public policies and disseminating data.
“We are going to make this dissemination based on periodic thematic bulletins, and the first one is about the management of drug trafficking assets and the decapitalization of organized crime. We entered into a partnership with SENAD's Asset Management Board, which allows for the evaluation of GFUNAD [National Anti-Drug Fund Management System] and, by analyzing the data, we were able to assess the efficiency of this new process”, he said.
Finally, the National Secretary for Drug Care and Prevention of the Ministry of Citizenship (SENAPRED/MC), Quirino Cordeiro Júnior, presented the new strategies for reducing the demand for drugs in the country.
After showing indicators such as the increase in homeless people with mental disorders and the expansion of "cracolândias", Cordeiro spoke about the alternatives found to give direction to the situation, such as the National Policy on Drugs and the New Drug Law, both from 2019 .
"In actions to reduce the demand for drugs in Brazil, one of the great innovations was the expansion of the assistance network for drug addicts and their families, including community-based services, hospitalization and care for people with chemical dependency based on their real needs ”, explained the Secretary.
Watch the full event:
The UN Economic and Social Council established the Commission on Narcotics and Drugs (CND) in 1946 as the central body of the United Nations for drug-related policy. The Commission allows Member States to analyze the world drug situation, follow up on the decisions of the 22nd Special Session of the General Assembly on drug-related issues, and take action at the global level within its scope of action. The Commission also monitors the implementation of the three international drug control conventions and is empowered to act in all areas related to the objectives of the conventions, including the inclusion of substances on the international control lists.